Marina One Towers and Gardens, Singapore
Marina One is a high-density, mixed-use building complex in the heart of Singapore's new Marina Bay financial district.
Landscape Architecture by Gustafson Porter + Bowman, London
Marina One is a high-density, mixed-use building complex in the heart of Singapore's new Marina Bay financial district. The project supports Singapore's ambition to become a "City in a Garden." Designed by Ingenhoven architects to appear as a plant-covered mountain rising up into the Singapore skyline, the four-tower scheme will include the city's largest public plaza, lush plantings, green sky terraces and tree-covered public spaces on the rooftops.
In the center of the building, Gustafson Porter's design for the 'Green Heart' creates a smooth transition between the sculptural and planted elements of the building's architecture. The firm's landscape design is based on the understanding how public space is used in Singapore. There is a perception that the climate is too hot and humid to design for active outdoor spaces. The landscape architects took the positive attitude that the right design would enhance the quality of experience and make better use of the public realm in this development and for the surrounding city.
"Our design for the Marina One's 'Green Heart' creates a seamless transition between the sculptural and planted elements of the building's architecture. Its design is based on our thorough understanding of how public space is used in Singapore," explains Mary Bowman, a partner with Gustafson Porter + Bowman. "By breaking down the barriers between air conditioned interior space and exterior shaded space, we can still create spaces to dwell which are softened by plants, by a light breeze and the sound of water movement," she added.
The vertical garden is designed with lower and mid-level 'sky terraces' offering lush vegetation, spectacular waterfalls and calm reflecting pools. The planting is designed to create inspiring and multifunctional urban spaces.
The 'Green Heart' at the center of the Marina South towers evokes a rice paddy field, terraced into steep hillsides and made arable for the cultivation of rice, an essential crop of East Asia. Visitors and residents inhabitants will ascend skywards from the Green Heart into 'Strata Terraces', a 'Cloud Garden', 'Green Screens' and 'Rooftop Gardens' that allude to the changing environments and habitats that one might experience while climbing a mountain.
The public will enter from the commercial promenade into the lush vegetation of the Green Heart. At ground level in the center of the Green Heart, water descends from vertical columns of light that fall into a large reflecting pool, before disappearing underground. A shallow ramp creates a visual and physical connection between the shopping center's most important levels. It rises through the abundant vegetation surrounding the pool and then passes over the pool between columns of water as it connects to the first Strata Terrace.
For special occasions, people will have the vantage point from each terrace around the pool's perimeter to enjoy a performance at the heart of the space. While the outer face of the four towers strictly follows the city grid, the maximized inner space is a free-formed three-dimensional biodiversity garden. Openings between the high-rises, sky gardens in-between the podium, the elevated towers, as well as the shape itself, improve the air flow and create a comfortable microclimate within the multiple levels of the central garden.
The Cloud Garden is designed to be a relaxed setting for those wishing to escape the more frenetic activity going on at the base of the Green Heart. At the "mountain's peak" will be the Green Screens and Rooftop Gardens, filled with climbing vegetation that screen service facilities from view and provide habitats for insects and birds.
Marina One's office towers meet the "LEED Platinum pre-certification" and the local "Green Mark Platinum" standards for their sustainable design. The 30-storey towers, each with a floor area of 175,000 sq. meters, will feature two sky gardens and two high-density floors on levels 28 and 29. The high-density floors will be the largest "Grade-A" office floors in Singapore. The luxurious "Marina One Residences" will be housed in the two 34-storey towers, accommodating 1,042 residences. The units range in size from one to four bedroom units to penthouses. The building footprint is penetrated by air wells and slots to ensure natural ventilation for all of the units, thus meeting the stringent Green Mark Platinum criteria.
In addition to a compact and efficient building layout, the environmentally-smart design also features energy-saving ventilation systems, a highly effective external sun-shading system and high performance glazing to reduce direct solar radiation into the building. NEWater (centrally provided recycled water) for toilet flushing and a rainwater harvesting system reduce water consumption. PV cells make use of the sun's energy. The towers have a direct connection to four out of the six Singaporean MRT lines and bus stations. The addition of bicycle parking spaces and e-car loading lots will aid in reducing emissions of vehicular traffic.
A variety of restaurants and cafes, a fitness club, a food court, a large supermarket and event spaces will be located on the different public terraces, not only providing all the local resources and services required to serve the residents, office workers and visitors, but also creating a vibrant public destination. This multiple level green heart will be a civic sanctuary larger than any existing public plaza in the central business district of Singapore.
Client: M+S Pte Ltd. Singapore, owned by Khazanah and Temasek
Construction: 2011-2017 // Size: GFA 341.000 m?
Approx. Cost: SGD $7 billion gross development value
Green Building Certificates: LEED Platinum Pre-Certified for Office Towers
Green Mark Platinum for residential and office towers
Design architect: Ingenhoven architects: Christoph Ingenhoven, Martin Reuter, Christian Kawe, Olaf Kluge, Jae Man Bae
Project architect: Architects 61, Singapore
Landscape Architect: Gustafson Porter + Bowman, London
Main contractor: joint venture company owned 60:40 by Hyundai Engineering & Construction and GS Engineering & Construction
Structural and M&E Engineers: BECA Carter Hollings & Ferner, Singapore
Quantity Surveyor: Langdon & Seah, Singapore
Residential Interior Designer: Axis ID, Singapore
Facade Consultant: Arup, Singapore
Lighting Consultant: Arup, Singapore
Piling Contractor: Sambo E & C, Singapore
Project Management: UEM Sunrise Berhad, Malaysia
Mapletree Investments Pte Ltd., Singapore